In the news Ryan Air and Easy Jet continue to make a profit on the back of their low price model of air transport. Easy Jet has been in operation since 1995 and in 2007 made over £200 million profit carrying over 37 million passengers. Costs and prices are kept low through quick turn round times for planes and by cutting out frills and extra such as complimentary food and drink. Charges are made for extras such as baggage on check in.
Marketing Mix This is the balance of activities that go into selling a product or making a sale. A successful product requires it to be made available to its customers at the right price and in the right place with appropriate and effective promotion. Different businesses will adopt different mixes - some leading on product and some leading on price with some relying heavily on advertising. For others it is convenience of availability such as 24hr banking over the internet.Most small businesses will have a limited budget for their marketing mix so will need to share it out with care
Dividing the budget - 'value for money'
Price A key part of the mix is price. It is important to understand the relationship between price and demand. In general the higher the price the less the product will be in demand. Fewer people can afford it, and for many it will fall outside their acceptable price range or their idea of 'value for money' They may also switch to cheaper substitutes if these are available. Similarly if the price drops too low the customer may be suspicious of value. If a jeweller dropped the price of a gold ring then the customer may assume that it is not really gold.
Cost plus pricing.
Did you know? Some pricing strategies are more promotional. A loss leader is where a product is priced so low it does not even cover its own costs. Products such as milk and bread can often be used to get customers into the shop in the hope that they spend more on other products.
Web based activity
- The marketing mix is the mixture of factors needed in order to sell a product
- It has four parts: product, price, promotion and place
- The four parts are often refereed to as the four P's
- Getting the right balance is more important then any one part
- The marketing mix will need to change over time and as other factors change
- Price is a key part of the mix
- Price should be set to cover costs
- Customers have an idea of 'value for money'; price must be set in this range
Typical exam questions on the marketing mix elements and price
- What is meant by the Four P's
- What is the most important element of the marketing mix?
- Why do small businesses have to be careful about marketing?
- Why do different businesses have different marketing mixes?
- What is meant by 'value for money'?
- What is meant by a customers 'price range'?
- What happens to the marketing mix over time?
- What usually happens to demand if price goes up?
- What is cost plus pricing?
- What is competitive pricing?
Nine mark questions
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